Refugee camps are a common feature of war torn regions for a considerable amount of time. They are temporary camps built by a government, the United Nations, international aid organizations like the Red Cross, or NGOs (Non-Government Organizations). They are designed to receive refugees. Frequently, hundreds of thousands to millions of people will live in a single refugee camp, depending on the situation that is being escaped.
Refugee camps are not designed for people to reside there for extended periods of time. They are set up to address basic human needs for a short period of time. Because of this, when refugees can’t return to their homes immediately, a humanitarian crisis is quickly created. In addition, when a single refugee camp exists for years, human rights are believed, in some cases, to be compromised. Because these camps are set up very quickly and in impromptu fashion, they have the potential to be dirty and unhygienic.
A benefit of a refugee camp is that they allow refugees to stay in them until it is safe to return to their homes. While they are in the camps, they are able to receive emergency food and medical aid. In some very sad cases, it quickly becomes apparent that the refugees will never be able to return to their home country. People are frequently unable to return to their home countries due to civil war. Famine and the outbreak of other sorts of war also play a role.
When this happens, the refugees residing in the camp are relocated to third countries. These third countries are located far from the crossed border. There are 17 countries across the globe that are set up to receive and regularly accept “quota refugees” from refugee camps. The 17 countries are Australia, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Refugee camps, as they are so basic, are set up to provide only the most basic of amenities. They will generally include sleeping accommodations such as tents, hygiene facilities such as showers and toilets, communication equipment like radio, and medical supplies and assistance. There are no schools or stores and so life is very basic.
In recent years, the majority of refugees have come from Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Liberia, Sudan, and Somalia. Refugees from the war-torn areas of the former Yugoslavia are also common.
For more information on refugees and refugee camps, please visit http://www.criminalandimmigrationlawyer.com.