Cameroon is a Central African country which lies between the West and Central African boarders, surrounded by countries like Nigeria, Congo, Gabon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea and Chad. Often referred to as "Africa in miniature" it owes the title to the fact that it is said to encompass almost if not all the aspects of the African history, culture, geography, weather, or simply put it is a mixture of the mother continent in one.
Cameroon as is now known today, got its name from the phrase "Rio dos Cameroes" meaning river of prawns, a phrase used by some Early Portuguese explorers who sailed along the coast of West Africa and the Congo basin in the early 17 centuries to describe a flood of prawns which they witnessed around the Wouri River.
The territory will later be called Kamerun during the German colonization, divided into two separate territories after the First World War, the part under British mandate will be called Southern Cameroons, while the one under France will be named Western Cameroons. Western Cameroons won its independence in 1960 and was then called La Republic du Cameroun. Later on February 1960 Southern Cameroons was re-united to La Republic du Cameroon to form The Federal Republic of Cameroon, in English and La Republique Federale du Cameroun, in French, with English and French as the national languages. But the name will later be changed back to the Republic of Cameroon as is now called today causing "the anglophone identity crisis".
The country is made of ten provinces, recently changed to regions by the ruling president Paul Biya who has been in power since 1982, in a bid to foster decentralization and regional development. In the north, you have the Far North, North, and the Adamawa Regions. While other regions include Center, Littoral, South, South West, West, North west, and the East. The capital of Cameroon is Yaounde, located in the Center Region, while the economic capital is Douala located in the Littoral Region. Cameroon enjoys the Saharan kind of climate up north, while the Littoral and parts of the South West and South Regions which are bordered by the Atlantic Ocean have a more humid and warm kind of climate. The Center, West, and North West Regions in that order respect have colder climates.
The country enjoys relative peace and has a lot of touristic attractions, zoos and natural parks, as well as wonderful and astonishing geographical views and a very welcoming people. Great beaches, rivers and islands. Each of the ten regions is different in various ways from all the others and are more related to specific parts of the continent, hence the name "Africa in miniature."
The Northwest, West and Southwest Regions have a lot more in common with western Africa than with Cameroonians from the other regions in all aspects including the people, culture, tribal language similarities, geography climate and a lot more than words can describe. While the Northern regions looks more like parts of Northern Africa with deserts, hot and dry climates, Islamism, Arabic, and many more being the order of the day. In the Center, South and Eastern regions one might actually get a feel, taste and atmosphere of the Central African culture, aspect of life, language, landscape, believes and climate, as well as all that which is responsible about Central Africa. In fact, to say that Cameroon is African in miniature is an understatement. You should see it for yourself.